Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)

also commonly called polyvidone or povidone, is a water-soluble polymer made from the monomer N-vinylpyrrolidone

Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (PVPP)

is a highly cross-linked modification of polyvinylpyrrolidone. The cross-linked form of PVP is used as a disintegrant in pharmaceutical tablets.

Hydropropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC)

Thickener for aqueous and non-aqueous systems, clear films with grease resistance, binders, lubricants, steric stabilizer and water retention aid.


 is a disaccharide of GLUCOSE and GALACTOSE in human and cow milk. It is used in pharmacy for tablets, in medicine as a nutrient, and in industry.


is used in personal care applications such as toothpastes, in which they provide controlled abrasivity and thickening with optimized optical properties allowing them to be used in all formulations, including clear gels.


 is a mixture of peptides and proteins produced by partial hydrolysis of collagen extracted from the skin, bones, and connective tissues of animals such as domesticated cattle, chicken, pigs, and fish.